What is insulin resistance and how is it treated?

Insulin is:

a hormone made by the pancreas that helps glucose in the blood go to muscle, fat and liver cells where it is used for energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat. The liver also produces glucose during times of need, e.g. B. when you are fasting. When blood sugar, also known as blood sugar, rises after eating, the pancreas releases insulin into the blood. Insulin then lowers blood sugar to keep it within the normal range.

Insulin resistance


occurs when muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond well to insulin and cannot easily take up glucose from the blood. As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin to get glucose into your cells. As long as your pancreas can produce enough insulin to overcome your cells’ weak response to insulin, your blood sugar levels will stay in a healthy range.

Researchers don’t fully understand what causes insulin resistance and prediabetes,
but believe obesity and lack of exercise are important factors.

Insulin resistance and prediabetes usually have no symptoms. Some people with prediabetes may have darker skin in the armpits or on the back and sides of the neck, a condition called acanthosis nigricans. Many small skin growths called skin tags often appear in the same areas. Although blood sugar levels are not high enough to cause symptoms in most people, some research has shown that some people with prediabetes may have early eye changes that can lead to retinopathy. This problem is more common in diabetics.

Exercise and possibly weight loss can help your body become more insulin responsive. Small weight-loss steps, like eating healthier food and getting more exercise, can help reverse insulin resistance and prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes. Clinical trials are part of clinical research and are at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials investigate new ways to prevent, detect or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to study others Aspects of care for Improving the quality of life of people with chronic diseases.



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