Bacteria cause strep throat
Viruses are the most common cause of sore throat. However, strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caus
ed by bacteria called group A streptococci (group A streptococci).
How to get strep throat
group A strep throat lives in the nose and throat and can easily spread to other people. Infected people spread the bacteria by speaking, coughing, or sneezing, which creates small respiratory droplets that contain the bacteria. They can also spread bacteria from infected skin wounds.It usually takes two to five days for a person exposed to group A strep to develop strep throat.
It is important to note that some infected people have no symptoms or appear ill. People with strep are much more contagious than people without symptoms.
People can get sick with strep throadif they:
breathe in respiratory droplets containing the bacteria
touch something with droplets on it and then touch their mouth or nose
drink from the same glass or eat from the same plate as a person infected with the strep throat Group A
Touching skin sores caused by group A streptococci (impetigo) or contact with fluid from the sores
Rarely, people can transmit group A streptococci through food that is improperly handled (visit the CDC’s food safety page) .
Pain and fever without cough are common signs and symptoms
In general, a sore throat is a mild infection, but it can be very painful.The most common symptoms of a sore throat include:
sore throat, which can start very quickly
pain when swallowing
red, swollen tonsils, sometimes with white spots or streaks of pus
small, red spots (petechiae, pronounced pi-TEE – kee- eye) in the palate (soft or hard palate)
Swollen lymph nodes in the front of the throat
Other symptoms may include headache, abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting, especially in children. Someone with a sore throat may also have a rash; when this happens, it is referred to as scarlet fever (scarlatina).
The following symptoms suggest that the cause of the disease is a virus rather than a sore throat:
hoarseness (changes in voice that make you sound breathless, hoarse, or strained)
conjunctivitis (red Eyes)