Diabetes is a chronic (long-term) health condition that affects the way your body converts food into energy.
Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose) and releases it into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar rises, it tells your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin acts as a key to allowing blood sugar to enter your body’s cells to be used for energy.
With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it as well as it should.When there is not enough insulin, or when cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar remains in the bloodstream. Over time, this can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease.
There is no cure for diabetes yet, but losing weight, eating healthy, and exercising can really help. Other things you can do to help:
Take medication as directed.
Get diabetes self-management training and support.Arranging and keeping medical appointments
Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2 and
gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body mistakenly attacks itself). This reaction keeps your body from producing insulin. About 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes symptoms often develop quickly.It is usually diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults. If you have type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin every day to survive. Currently nobody knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.It develops over many years and is mostly diagnosed in adults (but increasingly also in children, adolescents and young adults). You may not notice any symptoms, so it’s important to test your blood sugar if you’re at risk.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as: E.g.:
Be active.Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at a higher risk of health problems. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after your baby is born. However, it increases the risk of type 2 diabetes later in life. Your baby is more likely to be obese as a child or adolescent and develop type 2 diabetes later in life.Prediabetes
In the United States, 96 million adults, more than 1 in 3, have prediabetes. More than 8 out of 10 of them don’t know they have it. In prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. But there is good news.If you have prediabetes, a x lifestyle modification program can help you take healthy steps to reverse